Friday, November 28, 2014

Fall and Winter Garden

Have fun growing vegetables during Autumn and Winter months. Try different varieties either planting directly in the ground or even in planters grown inside. 

What Vegetables To Plant and Where To Plant Them

Vegetables can be pretty much grown all year long in the southern states as well as the west and southwest. The United States Department of Agriculture separates agriculture zones by calling them “hardiness zones” and labeling the by numbers.

There  are 11 plant hardiness zones as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), in the U.S. They are also known as growing or climate zones. In reality there is no hard and fast rule that says that one species of plant will absolutely flourish or fail outside of its hardiness zone. It’s always worth experiment with seeds or live plants particularly with seasonal climate changes, or geographical hurdles as like elevation, salty air, pollution etc.  For instance, even though you’re in zone 8 in Alabama, you may get a better plant than zone 8 in southern California in and around Los Angeles metropolitan where pollution or evening trade winds may affect the plants livelihood.


Information over the years have been collected from different regions throughout the US by farmers and agriculturalist to help understand growing seasons and how plant life is effected when grown in different regions. www.usda.gov 

The USDA determined or categorized hardiness zones as a simple guideline and not a true or foolproof means of planting seeds or live plants. There’s no warranty or guarantee but, an educated guess that your plants will grow according to the hardiness zone method.

For more information regarding hardiness zones and which particular plants that may have a better chance at growing in your area, visit:  www.ams.usda.gov then type in your zip code to find out which hardiness zone you live in.

Don’t be afraid to plant just about anything. You’ll be surprised as to what will grow in your area whether it’s a tropical or desert plant.

Southwestern U.S. Hardiness Zone Map 

Use other hardiness zone plants to your advantage. For instance, I grow cold climate zoned plants during my winter season. I grow tomatoes  starting from seeds that are from Russia and Oregon. Since they do so well in the mild summers of Russia or Oregon, they absolutely flourish during the winter months here in southern California.

   

Plant hardiness zone seven
Zone seven, often referred to the, "middle ground of gardening", weaves its way through Alaska's inland passage, Washington, Oregon, California, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Georgia, Delaware, New Jersey, Long Island, and Cape Cod.
Minimum temperatures, the ones to worry about, are typically in a range from 0 to 10º F with the first fall frosts usually expected towards the end of October. You should be getting your ground ready for planting in August/September for October planting of:

Aside from winter vegetables, consider planting or splitting your rhubarb crowns in October.

Plant hardiness zone eight
Zone eight ranges from the rain forests of Washington eastwards along the western and southern borders of the U.S. and across to the coast of North Carolina. Winters are mild and the growing season is prolonged; minimum temperatures range from 10 - 20º F with the first fall frosts around the middle of November. Prepare your ground in August/September for October planting of:
Plant hardiness zone nine
Zone nine is comparatively small and includes central Florida, the Gulf coast of Louisiana and Texas, a good deal of California, and the southern Oregon coast. The growing season is long and the winters are mild; minimum temperatures range from 20 - 30º F with the first fall frosts occurring towards the end of November. Prepare your ground in late August/ early September for October planting of:

Plant hardiness zone 10
Zone ten includes parts of California, Florida and Hawaii and is essentially, sub-tropical; minimum temperatures range from 30 - 40º F. Frosts are usually rare in zone ten but could occur from mid December to February. It's best to prepare your ground in late August and during September for October planting of:

Plant hardiness zone 11
Zone 11 includes parts of Hawaii and the Florida Keys and is a tropical zone with a year round growing season; the minimum temperature is usually 40º F or above and the zone is described as, "free of frost". Vegetables can be grown very successfully in zone 11 and with a year round growing season the October planting deadline is not as vital.

Useful Links

Thursday, November 27, 2014

Happy Thanksgiving!


Wishing you and yours a healthy, happy and bountiful Thanksgiving holiday!

Emma :O)

Second or Late Summer Garden


Grow Vegetables All Year Long!


It's still not too late to get your second season or late Summer garden in. We're very luck here in the Southwestern states to be able to have summer vegetables all they way up to Thanksgiving. I've even grown zucchini, spaghetti squash, tomatoes and bell peppers up until January. 

Some conditions to think about for late Summer is that our temperature sometimes get hotter than July. Here in southern California, October November can still be in the 90's. 

Don't be afraid to start growing Summer vegetables in August. The heat makes the seeds germinate quicker. Be sure to keep he soil moist. The dirt should always look brown up until the plants have grown a few inches. 

If you're worried about your plants not producing fast enough there are plenty of early producing vegetable varieties available. For instance, Bantan corn produces in about 80 days, an early corn variety called Early on Deck produces cobs in 60 - 65 days. 

There's still time to grow the three sisters. I like a variety of squash, 
corn varieties: Ambrosia, Bantam and  Early on Deck. I usually grow more  paste tomatoes like 
Roma tomatoes instead of large beefsteak. Smaller tomatoes just taste better to me. 

If you want a bumper crop of corn, look for early varieties that produce within 50 - 90 days. I choose hybrid only because, heirloom doesn't do too well for me. The cobs always seem stunted or under grown. Burpee has some lovely sweet corn that produces within 60 days.

Burpee has a corn variety called Early and Often. You can have a harvest within 60 days. Be sure to purchase a few packs and continue to plant every week or other week for a continuous crop. 

Burpee also has a corn variety that's specifically for container gardens. It's called 'Early on Deck'. It's an early harvest 60 - 65 days.

I usually start four or five rows and ever two weeks, I'll plant another row up until Halloween. I've been pretty lucky with growing corn up until November. I also stage corn in different places on my property. That way if one patch is effected by disease or bugs, chances are the other corn patches will survive. 

Remember to keep varieties separate by space or time so that they don't cross pollinate. 

Be sure to keep your corn stalks for Autumn and Halloween decorations. Your neighbors will be envious. 

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

Colorful Winter Plants - Grow Evergreens Called Hebes


Grow Evergreen's For Color All Year Long 
Hebes The Colorful Winter Plants

If you want to extend the pretty colors of late summer into Fall and early Winter, consider planting evergreen shrubs called Hebes. No I didn’t misspell the word herbs. Hebes a wonderful evergreen (pronounced Hee-bees) that produce lovely flowers and foliage during summer and Fall.

Hebes will change colors according to seasons. They proved interesting change from usual asters and maple trees that we usually rely on for autumn color.  


Hebes are native to New Zealand, Australia, Polynesia, South America and southeast Florida. They all do extremely well in southern California and zones 8-11 in the southwestern USA. They are affected by temperatures below 25F.

Hebes are great show plants for the American southwest. They add that punch of color that makes you appreciate your yard even more. They produce a pretty purple flower in during the summer around the month of June but, will profusely bloom again in October and November.

There are red blooming Hebes called Hobby, Amy and Alicia Amherst. that will bloom color throughout November and December in the southwest and West.

BowlesHybrid is a Hebe that blooms a solid lavender flower in the summer and all the way to January. I should mention that Bowles Hybrid is exactly as it’s named. It’s a hybrid and unfortunately, they are more susceptible to cold temperatures. If you happen to live in an elevation where the temperature falls below 20F, you most likely will be just wasting your money unless, you plant them in containers  and shelter them.

Quicksilver is a silver small leaved Hebe that’s a wonderful hardy plant for drought conditions.

Boughton Dome is more of a gray foliage which produces color well past the fall and works as a wonderful backdrop in any garden.

JamesStirling resembles a small conifer. It produces little white flowers in December. It keeps a pretty form that’s sturdy enough to decorate during the holidays.

Hebes are a wonderful evergreen plant. They’re the perfect alternative plants for those gardeners who don’t like to keep buying and replanting plants to suite the seasonal temperatures and conditions.


Hebes 


Hebes are evergreens that will give you wonderful color all year long. Hebes are a wonderful way to add a pop of color to your fall and winter landscape. See below for full list of Hebes.


Hebes like Caledonia (purple) Sapphire (red tips during winter) Speciosa Variegata and Andersonii (tricolor) are well worth the money spent. They’re fascinating to see change in color as the seasons change. It’s like getting new plants every season without having to replant.

The benefits to planting Hebes as being an evergreen plant, they provide protection from wind and erosion, a wall of them will help reduce noise, they don't need much pruning and are usually drought tolerant. Most Hebes do need well drained soil and a bit of shade during the heat of the summer months particularly in the southern California and Arizona.

If you enjoy color all year long on your property, plant evergreens like Hebes to compliment your landscape.  They’re usually a few dollars more than other shrubs and plants but, they’re well worth it.

Evergreen Shrubs


List of Hebes (Wikipedia.org)
About 90-100 species, including: