Herb - Basic Garden Guide
Did you know that herb gardens can be traced back to medieval times when monasteries and nunneries would use them to grow needed medicines made from herbs? Somehow herbs began to make their way into every cooking and then particular herbs were being identified as being part of a regional cuisine. When you hear the word 'basil', you think Italian, right? When you hear 'cilantro', you think Mexican, right? or coriander representing India .. or Chinese parsley representing Asia when in fact cilantro, coriander and Chinese parsley are all the same herb.
Herb gardens are making a comeback and many people are beginning to try their hand at growing these simple gardens. College students to folks living in apartments in NYC or Dubai are finding pleasure in growing herbs on window sills and balconies.
Growing Herbs Is Fun and Cheap
Common Medicinal Herbs
with Your Fruits and Vegetables
There are Many Ways To Store Herbs
Find The Right Technique and Your Hooked On Herbs!
Infuse Olive or Vegetable Oil With Your Favorite Herbs
Soups, sauces and even pasta will pop with flavor.
1. Stuff herb into bottle and fill with preferred oil.
2. If bottle already has oil, you'll need to empty some oil out in order to stuff herbs into bottle.
After you figure out which way you're going to even pronounce the word herb (herb vs. erb), you'll then need to contemplate what herbs are commonly used in your regular cuisines and which ones you'd like to explore. Do you want to cook with them, use them for medicines or perhaps use them for arts & crafts.
There are a variety of great reasons to have an herb garden including medicinal uses, cooking, art, making extra money by selling herbs, tea, attracting butterflies, decorating, companion planting etc.
Herbs have been used to improve health even before man discovered fire. There are various herbs that have been found to improve the health of the body as well as the health of the mind dating back to Neanderthal man.
Growing herbs is much cheaper than purchasing them at Walgreens or CVS stores. A few pennies spend on herb seeds will definitely safe you a lot of money in what you would spend on particular vitamins, medicines, tea, hair color, aroma therapy items, spices etc.
Herbs grown for culinary purposes will definitely save you plenty of money at the cash register. Have you prices herbs lately at the market? Yikes. Many of us have held back from trying to cook ethnic dishes from around the world because, the recipe calls for a particular herb that's usually priced higher than our personal budgets allow.
It's truly much cheaper to grow your own herbs than it is to purchase fresh herbs at your local supermarket. Growing herbs isn't hard to do either. Herbs make great additions to a variety of foods and enhance the taste without adding unneeded salt. Herbs will dress up any plate making any dish look like Julia Childs had stopped into to plate your dinner.
Another reason you may want to have an herb garden is for its decorative reasons. Herb gardens have long been used to bring aroma and color into areas on your property that need texture, color or fragrance. There's nothing like the smell of lavender or the pretty flowers grown on mustard. and if you are just getting started at gardening, an herb garden can be a simple place to start.
Besides pepping up your mother's recipe for spaghetti sauce, decorating a table scape or making closet and drawers smell better.. . herbs are most important used as companion planting. Particular herbs can either attract or repel wanted or unwanted bugs from many plants. Basil will detour aphids from tomato or bell pepper plants,
If you have limited space in your yard or do not have one at all, the pots and planters will be a great place to start an indoor herb garden. Most dollar stores have some great containers that are just waiting to be used as an herb harden. You can often buy terracotta pots at WalMart for under one dollar as well.
Whether you decide to grow in indoors or outside, there are a few things to remember.
The number one thing to remember when growing herbs whether you're growing them inside or outside, is to be sure that your herbs are in a place where they get plenty of sunlight each day. If you keep them inside, make sure they are near a window with plenty of sunlight and if you have an outside garden. Pick a plot of land that gets sun for at least 6-7 hours each day.
Also make sure that the soil is good and if not, you can add organic materials to make the soil more productive. I never met an herb that didn't like a shovel full of cow or deer manure. Bagged manure, enriched potting soil can easily be found at any garden center for under $3. Most retailers have a house brand that's cheaper than the conglomerate bagged soil.
*Water is also essential to your herb garden, whether it gets rain outside or when watering inside. Herbs love manure tea or compost tea as well. Take a bucket or large plastic garbage can, fill 1/4 full of manure or refined compost and fill the container the rest of the way with water. Stir daily, let the manure/compost tea sit a few days before using. Each day you'll need to stir the compost tea to keep bugs at bay and keep the nitrogen active. Use it for all of your plants particularly herbs and vegetables. As you use the concoction, replaced the water and stir. Every now and again you'll know when to put more manure or compost into the container. Manure tea can also be used on houseplants by simply putting it into a spray bottle. If you stir the container daily, the water won't smell.
I would recommend that your first choice of herbs be based on what's familiar to you before diving into unfamiliar herbs like borage or dead nettle. Start with basil, thyme, sage, cilantro, marjoram, bay leaves, chives, parsley, mint, dill, chamomile etc.
If you want a decorative herb garden, you will want to pick the more attractive herbs like lavender, marigold, sage, rosemary, chamomile, evening primrose, lemon balm or even hollyhock.
Herbs are beautiful, tasty and very useful to liven up our plates, our homes and our spirits. I'm telling you, having an herb garden is a complete joy. If you're new to gardening, an herb garden is right up your alley.
You can have the pleasure of eating your herbs or just enjoying their simplistic beauty while you watch them grow and attracting anything from butterflies to birds. Whatever your reason for starting an herb garden, you'll definitely find yourself enjoying, bragging about and sharing your bountiful pleasure.
|Basil||Companion to tomatoes; dislikes rue intensely; improves growth and flavor; repels flies and mosquitoes|
|Bee balm||Companion to tomatoes; improves growth and flavor.|
|Borage||Companion to tomatoes, squash, and strawberries; deters tomato worms; improves growth and flavor.|
|Caraway||Plant here and there; loosens soil.|
|Catnip||Plant in borders; deters flea beetles.|
|Chamomile||Companion to cabbage and onions; improves growth and flavor.|
|Chervil||Companion to radishes; improves growth and flavor.|
|Chives||Companion to carrots; improves growth and flavor.|
|"Dead" nettle||Companion to potatoes; deters potato bugs; improves growth and flavor.|
|Dill||Companion to cabbage; dislikes carrots; improves the growth and health of cabbage.|
|Fennel||Plant away from gardens; most plants dislike it.|
|Flax||Companion to carrots and potatoes; deters potato bugs; improves growth and flavor.|
|Garlic||Plant near roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetles; improves growth and health.|
|Henbit||General insect repellent.|
|Horseradish||Plant at the corners of a potato patch to deter potato bugs.|
|Hyssop||Deters cabbage moths; companion to cabbage and grapes. Keep away from radishes.|
|Lamb's quarter's||This edible weed should be allowed to grow in moderate amounts in the garden, especially in corn.|
|Lemon balm||Sprinkle throughout the garden.|
|Lovage||Improves flavor and health of plants if planted hee and there.|
|Marigolds||The workhorse of the pest deterrents. Plant throughout the garden; discourages Mexican bean beetles, nematodes, and other insects.|
|Marjoram||Here and there in the garden; improves flavor.|
|Mint||Companion to cabbage and tomatoes; improves health and flavor and deters white cabbage moths.|
|Mole plant||Deters moles and mice if planted here and there.|
|Nasturtium||Companion to radishes, cabbage, and gourds; plant under fruit trees; deters aphids, squash bugs, and striped pumpkin beetles; improves growth and flavor.|
|Peppermint||Planted among cabbages, it repels white cabbage butterflies|
|Pigweed||One of the best weeds for pumping nutrients from the subsoil; it is good for potatoes, onions, and corn; keep weeds thinned.|
|Pot marigold (Calendula)||Companion to tomatoes, but plant elsewhere in the garden, too; deters asparagus beetles, tomato worms, and general garden pests.|
|Purslane Weed||deters asparagus beetles, tomato worms, and general garden pests.|
|Rosemary||Companion to cabbage, beans, carrots, and sage; deters cabbage moths, bean beetles and carrot flies|
|Rue||Keep it far away from sweet basil; plant near roses and raspberries; deters Japanese beetles.|
|Sage||Plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots; keep away from cucumbers; deters cabbage moth, carrot fl.|
|Southernwood||Plant here and there in garden; companion to cabbage; improves growth and flavor; deters cabbage moths|
|Sow thistle||This weed in moderate amounts can help tomatoes, onions, and corn.|
|Summer savory||Plant with beans and onions; improves growth and flavor and deters bean beetles.|
|Tansy||Plant under fruit trees; companion to roses and raspberries; deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles,squash bugs, and ants.|
|Tarragon||Good throughout the garden.|
|Thyme||Here and there in the garden; deters cabbage worms.|
|Valerian||Good anywhere in the garden.|
|Wormwood||As a border, it keeps animals from the garden.|
|Yarrow||Plant along borders, paths, and near aromatic herbs; enhances essential oil production.|
- Lemon balm creates a beneficial atmosphere around the property and inside any home. It's known to attracts bees. Part of the mint family.
- Marjoram has a beneficial effect on surrounding plants.
- Oregano has a beneficial effect on surrounding plants.
- Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) helps neighboring plants to grow more resistant to spoiling. Increases the essential oil content in many herbs. Stimulates humus formation. Helps stimulate fermentation in compost piles. As a tea, it promotes plant growth and helps strengthen plants. Concentrates sulfur, potassium, calcium, and iron in its body.
- Valerian (Valeriana officinali) helps most vegetables. Stimulates phosphorus activity in its vicinity. Encourages health and disease resistance in plants.
- Chamomile (Chamaemelum nobile): A lime specialist. Contains a growth hormone which stimulates the growth of yeast. In a 1:100 ratio, it helps the growth of wheat. As a tea, it combats diseases such as damping off in young plants. Concentrates calcium, sulfur, and potash in its body.
- Dandelion (Taraxacum officinal): Increases the aromatic quality of all herbs. In small amounts it helps most vegetables. Concentrates potash in its body.